Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. All Rights Reserved. In 1892 Bell traveled to Tehran (now in Iran) to visit her uncle. 1910 — Courtesy of Gertrude Bell Photographic Archive, Newcastle University. Burgoyne, Elizabeth. Scott Jenkins; 0; 3516; 683; Gertrude Bell était un écrivain, archéologue et responsable politique britannique, connu pour avoir contribué à l'établissement de l'Irak moderne après la Première Guerre mondiale.. Synopsis. In 1907 Bell returned to Asia Minor with the British archeologist Sir William Ramsay to help excavate early Christian churches. They ordered her home instead (the young man died nine months later). During the spring of 1900 she went to visit the Druse in the mountains of southern Lebanon. En 1915, Gertrude Bell intègre le Bureau arabe du Caire (Égypte britannique), l’agence britannique de renseignement sur le Moyen-Orient, où elle occupera la fonction d’officier de liaison. She will lead a discussion of a book about Gertrude Bell, a British archaeologist, mountaineer, army officer, diplomat, and spy in World War I. She was transferred to Baghdad the following year, where she made her home for the rest of her life. Gertrude Bell is the sort of subject who requires both burdens to be carried well. She died on July 12, 1926 in Baghdad, Mandatory Iraq. Read and digest, Mr Blair. Née en 1868 dans l'Angleterre victorienne, Gertrude Bell est l'une des scientifiques les plus pluridisciplinaires du 20e siècle : une des premières femmes diplômées d'Oxford, elle est archéologue, alpiniste, photographe, écrivain et analyste politique britannique. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (1868-1926) was an English writer, political officer, traveller, archaeologist, and administrator. And yet, as Winstone demonstrates, such labels fail to do justice to her or to her […] On ne sait si c’est là un témoignage d’amitié sincère. Gertrude Bell: 7 Facts About Her Fascinating Life - Biography This time she traveled to the city of Ha'il in the center of Arabia that had rarely been visited by Westerners. Archéologue, aventurière, agent secret, Gertrude Bell, Christel Mouchard, Lgf. Bell traveled to the Middle East for the first time in 1892 to visit her uncle, who was the British ambassador to Tehran in Persia (now Iran). Aspiring to some usefulness in her life, Gertrude decides to join her uncle, who occupies a high diplomatic position in Tehran. Gertrude Bell stands between Samuel and pilot. 5.0 out of 5 stars A REMARKABLE BIOGRAPHY OF GERTRUDE BELL. Gertrude Bell’s legacy is not recognized today, probably, because her personality and her achievements are still border-line for our epoch. In 1888 Bell earned a degree from the University of Oxford. Gertrude Bell - retrouvez toute l'actualité, nos dossiers et nos émissions sur France Culture, le site de la chaîne des savoirs et de la création. She visited Palestine and Syria in that year and was often back in the Middle East during the next decade, extending her travels to Asia Minor. T E Lawrence and Gertrude Bell - Bell with the familiar cigarette in hand By the time of her death on 12th July 1926, she was very frail and very ill. Bouts of malaria had taken their toll, and Bell developed bronchitis and pleurisy in quick succession. Gertrude Bell, vividly told and impeccably researched by Georgina Howell, is a richly compelling portrait of a woman who transcended the restrictions of her class and times, and in so doing, created a remarkable and enduring legacy." Bell decided to return to Arabia to forget her unhappiness. Au Musée national d’Irak à Bagdad, dont Gertrude Bell fut à l’origine de la fondation et qui fut terriblement pillé suite à l’invasion américaine, il y avait autrefois un buste en sa mémoire sur lequel on pouvait lire: «Gertrude Bell, dont la mémoire sera toujours tenue en affection par les Arabes». History was one of the few subjects women were allowed to study, due to … Her famous and powerful grandfather Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell, born in 1816, was a metallurgical chemist and perhaps the country’s foremost industrialist. Short Biography. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. She returned to Baghdad and soon developed pleurisy. Gertrude Bell, CBE (14. heinäkuuta 1868 Washington Hall, County Durham, Englanti – 12. heinäkuuta 1926 Bagdad) oli brittiläinen tutkimusmatkailija, kirjailija, poliittinen virkailija, arkeologi ja vakooja, joka toimi ensimmäisen maailmansodan aikana Britannian tiedustelupalvelulle, ja josta tuli myöhemmin merkittävä vaikuttaja Britannian siirtomaapolitiikassa. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. This biography has been revised and updated for a new generation and a new political reality. Letters from Baghdad: The Extraordinary Life and Times of Gertrude Bell, a documentary from New York-based filmmakers Zeva Oelbaum and Sabine Krayenbuhl, opened … Noté /5. Gertrude Bell, a daughter of wealthy British parents, has no interest in the social life of the London elite. Everyone but editor Tiptoethrutheminefield seems to believe that Gertrude Bell was a spy. London. … there’s never a dull moment in the peerless life of this trailblazing character." At the city of Alexandretta in southern Turkey she hired a servant, Fattuh, who was to stay with her for the rest of her life. Archaeologist, feminist, stateswoman and Iraq’s first director of antiquities, Gertrude Bell frequently traveled where no Western woman had gone before. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. She became friends with T.E. The British intelligence bureau in Cairo hired Bell as an advisor on Arabia. Daughter of the Desert: The Remarkable Life of Gertrude Bell by Georgina Howell Pan Macmillan £20, pp518. Georgina Howell’s Gertrude Bell biography, reviewed here by Julia M. Asher-Greve, documents the life of this fascinating woman. Daughter of the Desert: The Story of Gertrude Bell, Bodley Head, 1956. She graduated with high honors in history. - … Gertrude Bell, whose insights and behind the scenes investigations as well as her appreciation for the Arab culture led to a remarkable life as an adopted daughter of Iraq make for fascinating journalism. She then went mountain climbing in the Alps and took two trips around the world with her brother. This is the third biography that I've read on this remarkable woman and by far the best. Her father owned an iron works. She wrote a book about her experiences called Persian Pictures, A Book of Travels that was published in 1894. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. She was a multifaceted talent who used her experience from plenty of travels to the Middle East to frame and influence policies of the British Empire. Gertrude Bell, in full Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, (born July 14, 1868, Washington Hall, Durham, Eng.—died July 12, 1926, Baghdad, Iraq), English traveler, administrator in Arabia, and writer who played a principal part in the establishment in Baghdad of the Hāshimite dynasty. She was born into a wealthy family and was an excellent student. She was a key member in Brit Gertrude Bell, from Her Personal Papers, 2 vols. When the Turkish soldiers of the Ottoman government arrived, they found a nearby village deserted, the inhabitants having fled for fear of retribution. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. see review. Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £25. This knowledge was to be of great value. Retrouvez Gertrude Bell: A Biography et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. At sixteen she attended Queens College and then went to Lady Margaret Hall, a womens college at Oxford University. Gertrude Bell : biography 14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926 Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926) was an English writer, traveller, political officer, administrator, archaeologist and spy who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making due to her skill and contacts, built up through extensive travels […] Bell also visited Palmyra, the ruins of a Roman city in Jordan. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. There is much debate on her death, but it is unknown whether th… She has been called the female Lawrence of Arabia, which, while not inaccurate, fails to give Gertrude Bell her due. This is the third biography that I've read on this remarkable woman and by far the best. Verified Purchase. When she recovered, she heard that her younger brother Hugo had died of typhoid. Gertrude Bell, Berg, 1985. Gertrude Bell and William Buick turn away from the stands before winning The Weatherbys Bank Cheshire Oaks at Chester racecourse on May 05, 2010 in... Theodolite belonging to Gertrude Bell, The Gill Memorial 1913 awarded to Gertrude Bell, 1913. Bell blamed herself for having been careless and causing all the difficulty. Gertrude Bell’s brilliant career at Oxford, where she took a first in history in 1887, was followed by some time spent in Tehrān, where her uncle Sir Frank Lascelles was British minister. A virago, she was an Edwardian Great Explorer of the stamp history usually records and lauds in men. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/gertrude-bell-30341.php Short Biography. In 1899, Bell again went to the Middle East. Only 19 left in stock (more on the way). Perhaps so, but Gertrude… She was at one time the most powerful woman in the British Empire: a nation builder, the driving force behind the creation of modern-day Iraq. 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