[34] From 1966–1967, R. H. Smith led a team from Wooster College (Ohio) to prepare a plan of the site and its environs, and begin excavations, but was interrupted by the Six Day War. [37] (1992) "Hellenisation and the Decapolis. Pella Pella is located in northwest Jordan at a rich water source within the eastern foothills of the Jordan Valley, close to the modern village of Ṭabaqat Faḥl some 27 km south of the Sea of Galilee. [26] A Bishop's palace from ca. [12], The Middle Bronze Age city of ca. [9] seen by Cohen as an attempt of claiming Marcius Philippus as its founder as a reaction to other cities in the region claiming an illustrious, but fictitious pedigree. Map of Old Testament Israel, Map of [15], The city was first mentioned in the 19th century BCE in Egyptian execration texts, and it continued to flourish throughout the Bronze Age. Wooster stopped excavations in 1985, but the Australian project continues. This concern with urban development matched similar activities in other Decapolis towns, such as Gadara (Umm Qays) and Gerasa (Jerash/Jarash), and reflects the role of regional centres in serving local populations during late antiquity. Eusebius, Onomasticon places it 21 Roman miles S. of Pella. The Australian expedition was initially directed by Prof. J. color: #333 !important; ", "Places: 678326 (Pella/Berenice/Philippeia)", The Near Eastern Archaeology Foundation, University of Sydney: Pella, Ben Churcher, The Discovery of Pella's Canaanite temple. Roman Empire Map - Large Map of the Roman Empire in the Early First Century - Click around on the Places. Directly across the Jordan from that spot I noticed two things. Located 96 km (60 miles) northwest of Amman, Pella, known in Arabic as Tabaqat Fahl, is one of the most ancient sites in Jordan and a favorite of archaeologists being exceptionally rich in antiquities. [6], Berenike in Greek, often Latinised to Berenice, is another name of Pella from the Hellenistic period, based on only one source: Stephanos. This encounter, one of the earliest between Muslims and Byzantines, came to be known as the Battle of Fihl (also Battle of Fahl, Fahl being a later variant of Fihl). [dubious – discuss] The urban heart of the Iron Age city-kingdom seems to have suffered a major destruction in the later 9th century, from which it did not recover. } Copyright © 2020 Bible History [2][7] Cohen presumes that under Seleucid rule, the city reverted right away to being called Pella. See more » Alexander the Great Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. The fertility of the hot Jordan Valley, the grasslands on the hills above it, and the oak forests of the highest mountains provide an enchanting natural backdrop to the trek between historic sites from the past two millennia and beyond. } .container { Ancient Rome [citation needed]. 1350 CE). color: #333 !important; Jordan is 80 percent desert but also contains diverse areas of forests, canyons and wetlands. View in Google Maps. Map of [20] During the outbreak of the First Jewish-Roman War, when the Syrian inhabitants of Caesarea had slain its Jewish citizens, there was a general Jewish uprising against neighboring Syrian villages, who sought revenge for the murder of their countrymen, during which time Pella was ransacked and destroyed. We pulled out the Oxford map of Galilee in the time of Jesus and quickly located Aenon near Salim, just south of Scythopolis, or Beth Shean today. Fahil. Pella was incorporated within Roman Judaean territory[dubious – discuss] (Jewish Wars 3.5). Excavated by the Australian team, the columns have Jordan map & highlights. Pella (Greek: Πέλλα, Hebrew: פחל‎) is located in northwest Jordan at a rich water source within the eastern foothills of the Jordan Valley, close to the modern village of Ṭabaqat Faḥl (Arabic: طبقة فحل‎) some 27 km (17 mi) south of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias). .footer-blurb-item h3 { Josephus mentions that Pella was one the cities freed by Pompey which was also indicated on various coins. Original Bible History Online - Visit the original site 1999-2016. [12] Recent work on the tell has identified widespread rebuilding following the 749 earthquake, as indicated by wall foundations, plastered floors and refuse pits filled with finely worked bone and moulded glassware. Old Testament Overview - General survey of the Old Testament. .footer-blurb.grey h4 { Watson and O'Hea (1996), Pella Hinterland Survey 1994: Preliminary Report. [24] Similarly to Epiphanius, Eusebius of Caesarea recounts how Pella was a refuge for Jerusalem Christians who were fleeing the First Jewish–Roman War in the 1st century CE. In L. Lavan, E. Swift and T. Putzeys (Eds). font-weight: 400 !important; Pella, however, is consistently a "Decapolis" city, and the city in the northernmost bounds of the region known as Perea. Today, the city’s ruins which are G7 on the Map (Pehel): Khirbet. It was originally a Greek town and subsequently went through Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic periods. [6] However, Pella expanded to its largest size during the Byzantine period, when it was a bishopric in the province of Palaestina Secunda. display: inline-block; Walmsley, A.G. (1992) Fihl (Pella) and the Cities of North Jordan during the Umayyad and Abbasid Periods. Pella is located 30 kilometers north of Deir Alla on the Jordan Valley Road. Pella, ancient capital of King Archelaus of Macedonia at the end of the 5th century bc and birthplace of Alexander the Great. Indexed for points of interest. First Century Israel Map - Large Map of Israel in the First Century - Click around on the Cities. 6th century CE), a quite late source, seems to indicate that it was founded by Alexander himself,[4] and Ptolemy III Euergetes is another possible founder. [3] It is not known (as of 2006) who founded the Hellenistic town of Pella in Transjordan, which makes it hard to assess who exactly gave it its Greek name and precisely why. Pella was the Canaanite Pehel, mentioned in early Egyptian inscriptions and the Amarna records. [16] A group of cities claiming Greek Hellenistic foundations asked Pompey for freedom from the threat of incorporation within Rome's new client-state of Hasmonaean Judaea. } [14] The official University of Sydney excavation page only mentions Early Bronze Age stone defensive platforms from ca. [2] Pehal is the name under which the city is mentioned in early Egyptian (Bronze Age) historical texts.[3]. For the ice hockey league, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. .footer-blurb { [17], Re-established as an urban centre under the early Seleucids, its ancient name must still have been known, for its new, Greek name was a close synonym, Pella - the birthplace of Alexander the Great in Macedon. Hütteroth, W.D. Read more about this site. The site has been continuously occupied since Neolithic times. Originally known as Bounomos, the city developed rapidly under Philip II, but, after the [12] Australian archaeologists also discovered Middle and Late Bronze Age temples and palatial residences (ca. Jesus| Pella is located about 40 minutes south of Umm Qais on Route 65 and about 1.5 hours north of Amman, in the foothills of the Jordan Valley/River. [11] During the Hellenistic period, the town formed with other like-minded towns in the region a political and cultural league known as the "Decapolis",[dubious – discuss] an alliance that grew in stature and economic importance to become regionally influential under Roman jurisdiction. Schumacher, G. (1888) Pella. }. Fahil. The ratio of all residents to sex offenders in Pella is 943 to 1. Archaeology A Harmony of the Life of Jesus - Four gospel accounts in harmony. According to historian Edward Gibbon, the early Church of Jerusalem fled to Pella after the ruin of the temple, staying there until their return during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, making it a secondary pilgrimage site for early Christians and modern Christians today. Jordan × ... You can customize the map before you print! Position your mouse over the map and use your mouse-wheel to zoom in or out. Explore Pella holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. 1350 BCE containing clay tablets. Bible Roman Empire Map - Large Map of the Roman Empire in the Early First Century - Click around on the Places. Mafraq Governorate Jordan River Pella, Jordan Map Governorates of Jordan, jordan, angle, hand, cartoon png Window Sliding glass door Sliding door Wood, bi fold brochure, angle, furniture, rectangle png The University of Sydney's Pella Excavation Project discovered at Tabaqat Fahl the remains of Neolithic housing dated to ca. Help. .footer-blurb h4 { According to our research of Iowa and other state lists, there were 11 registered sex offenders living in Pella, Iowa as of January 14, 2021. History 6000 BCE. Ancient Jerusalem - Interactive Study of Jerusalem with Map. The History of Rome - Brief Overview Of Roman History from Her Dawn to the First Punic War. The results were published in Smith and Day, (1973), Graf, D.F. } Bourke noted how such large structural projects rather mirrored the importance of Jordan’s Pella during the Bronze Age. Today the city's ruins, predominately temples, churches and housing, have been partially excavated by teams of archaeologists, and attract thousands of tourists annually but especially in spring, during which time the area is awash with spring flowers. The Macedonian name suggests that this city was probably founded by Alexander's own soldiers. In Islamic times, after 635 CE, the town became part of the Jund al-Urdunn (Province of Jordan), but in time was negatively impacted by natural calamities and eclipsed by the geo-political successes of the nearby towns of Amman, Beisan and especially Tabariyah (Tiberias). (Pehel): Khirbet. Originally the town was called Pihilum[when?]. The history and geography of Jordan have been shaped over thousands of years. The Incredible Bible - First in the BKA Series. Ancient Near East [2] Stephanos (fl. Understand []. Israel in the First Century the Roman Empire  |  Bible Mark Wilson describes a visit to Pella, an ancient city located in the Perean foothills of the Jordan River where Jesus’ followers sought refuge while escaping Jerusalem’s destruction. [12], The Australian teams found storage complexes from the Chalcolithic period (ca. [clarification needed] By the Byzantine era, Pella had reached its maximum size and, probably, prosperity. [16], While the cause is not known, the dawn of the Iron Age meant the end of power in Pihilum. [31] Australian archaeologists discovered a Mameluke mosque and administrative compound (ca. 4 PELLA REST-HOUSE Built in 1993 and designed by Ammar Khammash, the rest-house is modelled on the traditional Ottoman (16th―20th century AD) dwellings of Jordan. [4] “Now this sect of Nazarenes exists in Beroea in Coele-Syria, and in Decapolis in the district of Pella, and in … Media in category "Pella, Jordan" The following 101 files are in this category, out of 101 total. font-family: Roboto !important; Claim this business Favorite Share More Directions Sponsored Topics. PELLA pĕl’ ə. Pella is not mentioned in the Bible, but it was an important city both before and after the Bible was written. Both rang different bells in my head. Being part of the province of Palaestina Secunda ("second Palestine"), it certainly had a bishop by the year AD 451. [1], The Semitic name of the ancient, pre-Hellenistic site, was Pahil or Pihil. 1800 BCE boasted massive mud-brick city walls. Pella represents one of the Decapolis cities that were founded during the Hellenistic period and became powerful under Roman jurisdiction. [citation needed]. background-color: #F7F7F7 !important; Picture Study Bible - StudyBible with Pictures and Maps. Map size: 18 inches x 24 inches | Fits 18x24 size frame (or 18x24 Mat Opening) | Frame not included | Archival quality reproduction 1869 Map | Birds eye view of Pella, Marion County, Iowa, 1869. To that end, historically, the ancient city was even mentioned in the 19th century BC Egyptian execration texts, and as such is often considered as one of the earliest walled townships in the region of Jordan and the Levant. [23], Epiphanius claims that after the destruction, some returned to Jerusalem. In ancient Pella, Jordan, archaeology can take you back over 8,000 years of history. JORDAN MAP. Biblical Archaeology color: #337ab7; .footer-blurb .footer-blurb-item { [12], In what is known as the "flight to Pella", sometime before the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE, tradition holds that a Jewish-Christian sect of Nazoreans made their way to Pella and settled in the city which became a Jewish Christian hub during the early days of Christianity. There was a “Wadi” or ravine named Cherith, and just to the north the Decapolis town of Pella. Buhl (GAP, 259) objects to the identification that Tell 'Amateh corresponds to the Asophon of … Pella from Mapcarta, the free map. The stone and mudbrick two-storeyed houses on the top of the tell (main mound) collapsed in on themselves, thereby trapping the inhabitants – human and animal – and preserving a rich collection of finds sourced from distant regions, such as Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula. } Bourke, S. (1997) Pre-Classical Pella In Jordan: A Conspectus Of Ten Years' Work 1985-1995. .soc-icon { Personal travel impressions both in words and images from Pella (Jordan). Whether you’re looking for wood, fiberglass or vinyl windows or patio doors or wood, fiberglass or steel entry doors, we carry every line of high-quality, energy-efficient Pella products. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Ancient Documents To reach the site from the main road at the city of al-Mashari’a, hike two kilometers up the path to the east of the road. Ancient Greece From Amman, it is a 95 kilometer drive. Pella was one of eleven administrative districts (toparchies) in Roman Judea. Today the city's ruins, predominately temples, churches and housing, have bee… The Babylonians - Learn about ancient Babylon and the people who lived there. background: #F7F7F7 !important; 30 square km around the city. 1800-1200 BCE), as well as a Late Bronze Egyptian governors's residence from ca. This is the modern Tell 'Amateh, on the south bank of Wady er-Rujeib, 15 miles South of Pella, and nearly 5 miles North of the Jabbok. The site is situated 130 km (81 mi) north of Amman, a drive of about an hour and a half (due to the difficult terrain), and is a shorter half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country. Irbid Governorate Map; Irbid Governorate Travel Guide; All Irbid Governorate Hotels; Irbid Governorate Hotel Deals; By Hotel Type. Description Legal. padding-left: 15px; Pella (Greek: Πέλλα, Hebrew: פחל‎) is located in northwest Jordan at a rich water source within the eastern foothills of the Jordan Valley, close to the modern village of Ṭabaqat Faḥl (Arabic: طبقة فحل‎) some 27 km (17 mi) south of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias). max-width: 100%; @media screen and (max-width: 1199px) { Irbid Governorate Motels; Irbid … Childrens Resources It was one of the two oldest Greek settlements in eastern Palestine over the Jordan along with Dion. Pella (Greek: Πέλλα, Hebrew: פחל‎) is located in northwest Jordan at a rich water source within the eastern foothills of the Jordan Valley, close to the modern village of Ṭabaqat Faḥl (Arabic: طبقة فحل‎) some 27 km (17 mi) south of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias). From Josephus, it is clear that Pella had been damaged and so needed some restoration by Pompey decades afterwards, but his specific reference to the destruction of Pella by Jannaeus because its inhabitants refusing to follow Jewish customs, seems to refer to a different place (Antiquities, XIII.395-397): it is listed as if amongst southern Levantine cities and out of its more normal sequence between Gadara, Gerasa and Scythopolis. [30] The configuration of the complex suggests markets (khans),[clarification needed] with commercial activities such as glass workshops. S. McPhillips and A.G. Walmsley (2007), Fahl during the Early Mamluk Period: archaeological perspectives. [12], Late 16th century Ottoman defters list a village called Fahl el Tahta in the administrative district of Ajlun where wheat, barley, and sesame were grown and taxes collected on goats, beehives and water-driven mills. [27] Rather, the churches, markets and houses of Pella continued in use, with the archaeology showing their progressive modification to meet evolving social and political conditions, as in many of the other towns of the Decapolis alliance in north Jordan. It was one of the two oldest Greek settlements in eastern Palestine over the Jordan along with Dion. It also minted coins in the Roman period. Timelines & Charts. Pella represents one of ten Decapolis cities that were founded during the Hellenistic period and became powerful under Roman jurisdiction. At least three triapsidal churches have been identified within the city: the West Church at the western foot of the tell; the Civic Complex church in the Wadi al-Jirm at the southeast foot of the tell and which, due to its size and location, was probably the cathedral; and the elevated East Church on the higher slopes of the Jebel Abu el-Khas. In 63 BCE, the Roman General Pompey integrated the region into the Eastern portion of the Roman Empire, converting the old Seleucid empire into the province of Coele-Syria and incorporating Judaea as a client kingdom. Study Tools b.c. [2] It is not possible to assess after which Ptolemid the city was renamed, possible candidates being the wife of Ptolemy I, a daughter of Ptolemy II, and the wife of Ptolemy III. Pella (Ancient Greek: Πέλλα, also known in Arabic as Tabaqat Fahl, طبقة فحل) is found in northwestern Jordan, 27.4 km (17 miles) south of the Sea of Galilee. [2] For the Greek meaning of the name, see the Etymology paragraph in the article on the original Pella. [12], A Canaanite temple was uncovered during the 1994-2003 campaigns. [29], Subsequent settlement at Pella, dated from the later eighth to eleventh centuries CE (from the Abbasid into the Fatimid period), was reduced in size, but featured an enclosed double-courtyard architectural complex in the valley immediately north of the tell. Illustrated History background: url('/images/social_sprite.png') no-repeat; } It was a city of Decapolis and after A.D. 70 became a center of the Christian community and refugees from Judea. Shobak is one of Jordan's most significant and impressive historical sites located on the road to Petra about 190km (118 miles) south of Amman where stands an impressive castle as a lonely reminder of former Crusader glory. [25] Pella is alleged to have been the site of one of Christianity's earliest churches, but no evidence has been found of this. [35] A joint project with the University of Sydney (Australia), but with separate excavation teams and seasons, explored the city from 1978–1985. According to Josephus, Scaurus[which?] Pella was the Canaanite Pehel, mentioned in early Egyptian inscriptions and the Amarna records. It is half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country.. Get in [] Get around [] See []. 04 Pella Mountain Trail - At The Entrance of Pella - panoramio.jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 810 KB Location Map. 3200 BCE. This has been attributed to a massive destruction by the Hasmonean king, Alexander Jannaeus, about 83 or 82 BCE (Josephus, The Jewish War 14.4.8; Antiquities 14.4.4). Pella is of great importance to archaeologists because it … color: #333 !important; [citation needed] An Abbasid khan (caravanserai) dating to ca. Weather Forecast. New Testament Israel  |  Messianic Prophecies Bible [2] The Macedonian name Berenike was often used in the royal family of Ptolemaic Egypt, who conquered southern Syria and thus Pella in 301, and ruled over the city until 218 BCE, when they lost it to the Seleucid king Antiochos III. 4200 BCE). the entire summit was leveled off and a new gridded urban zone constructed during the time of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. London: Palestine Exploration Fund. Several of these houses suffered what appears to be the same fiery destruction in the Late Hellenistic period. Pella has been almost continuously occupied since Neolithic times. Pella is a favourite of archaeologists as it is exceptionally rich in antiquities, some of which are exceedingly old. According to Pliny the Elder (Natural History 5.74), in the mid 1st century ad the 10 cities of the league were Scythopolis (modern Bet Sheʾan, Israel), Hippos, Gadara, Raphana, Dion (or Dium), Pella, Gerasa, Philadelphia (modern Amman, Jordan), Canatha, and Damascus (capital of modern Syria). .social-container { Images & Art B. Hennessy and Dr A. W. McNicoll. Pella is in Northern Jordan. [36] Between 1994 and 1996, Pam Watson (at the time, Asst Director of the British Institute at 'Amman) and Dr Margaret O'Hea of the University of Adelaide conducted the Pella Hinterland Survey to identify land-use in an area approx. The history of Jordan has been influenced by many civilisations and has been a hub for humanity for thousands of years dating back to Palaeolithic times. Mythology & Beliefs } The History of Rome - Brief Overview Of Roman History from Her Dawn to the First Punic War. Pella is the name of Alexander the Great's birthplace in Macedonia. [citation needed], In the late Roman and Byzantine periods, the town extended over the ancient tell (archaeological mound), across the broad central valley of the town today known as the Wadi al-Jirm (see photograph), and over the slopes and summit of the southern hill known as Tell al-Husn. Click the map and drag to move the map around. font-style: normal !important; [21] Growing Jewish dissent over Roman military occupation in Judea brought about Roman reprisals against Jewish enclaves in the regions of Galilee, the coastal plains of Judea, Idumea and Perea, until, at length, the Roman army had subdued all insurgents and their military governors established during the Jewish revolt. From that spot I noticed two things during the Hellenistic period and became powerful Roman! Cities that were founded during the Hellenistic period best time and places to visit First in article. 70 became a center of the two oldest Greek settlements in eastern Palestine over the Jordan that! 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Geography of Jordan have been shaped over thousands of years little resistance with ruins... Earliest mention of the Iron Age meant the end of power in.! Punic War names: authors list ( of power in Pihilum business Share... Hockey league, see the Etymology paragraph in the First Century - Click around on the Map above to.., E. Swift and T. Putzeys ( Eds ) of power in Pihilum town was called [. Mentions that Pella was one of eleven administrative districts ( toparchies ) Roman. Lay in northern Greece, about 24 miles ( 39 km ) northwest of Thessaloníki gridded urban constructed... Alexander 's own soldiers have had its own town council was incorporated within Roman Judaean territory [ dubious – ]... Mameluke mosque and administrative compound ( ca to sex offenders in Pella is a 95 kilometer drive and! [ 12 ] on the cities Pella includes a Large columned church from the Chalcolithic period (.. Community and refugees from Judea Dawn of the Old Testament Overview - survey! 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